分分快三彩票


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不可不知的三種常用建筑測量儀器的使用方法

2017-10-27 17:36:30

不可不知的三種常用建筑測量儀器的使用方法

施工現場必不可少的三種測量儀器的使用方法,你知道嗎?

▲水準儀及其使用方法

GAOCHENGCELIANGSHICEHUIDIXINGTUDEJIBENGONGZUOZHIYI,LINGWAIDALIANGDEGONGCHENG、JIANZHUSHIGONGYEBIXULIANGCEDIMIANGAOCHENG,LIYONGSHUIZHUNYIJINXINGSHUIZHUNCELIANGSHIJINGMICELIANGGAOCHENGDEZHUYAOFANGFA。

一、水準儀器組合:

1、WANGYUANJING;

分分快三彩票 2、DIAOZHENGSHOULUN;

分分快三彩票 3、YUANSHUIZHUNQI;

分分快三彩票 4、WEIDIAOSHOULUN;

分分快三彩票 5、SHUIPINGZHIDONGSHOULUN;

6、GUANSHUIZHUNQI;

7、SHUIPINGWEIDIAOSHOULUN;

8、JIAOJIA。

二、操作要點:

分分快三彩票 ZAIWEIZHILIANGDIANJIAN,BAIKAISANJIAOJIA,CONGYIQIXIANGQUCHUSHUIZHUNYIANFANGZAISANJIAOJIASHANG,LIYONGSANGEJIZUOLUOSIDIAOPING,SHIYUANQIPAOJUZHONG,GENZHUDIAOPINGGUANSHUIZHUNQI。SHUIPINGZHIDONGSHOULUNSHIDIAOPINGDE,ZAISHUIPINGJINGNEITONGGUOSANJIAOLENGJINGFANSHE,SHUIPINGZHONGHE,JIUSHIPINGSHUI。JIANGWANGYUANJINGDUIZHUNWEIZHIDIAN(1)SHANGDETACHI,ZAICIDIAOPINGGUANSHUIPINGQIZHONGHE,DUCHUTACHIDEDUSHU(HOUSHI),BAWANGYUANJINGXUANZHUANDAOWEIZHIDIAN(2)DETACHI,DIAOZHENGGUANSHUIPINGQI,DUCHUTACHIDEDUSHU(QIANSHI),JIDAOJILUBENSHANG。

JISUANGONGSHI:LIANGDIANGAOCHA=HOUSHI-QIANSHI。

三、校正方法:

JIANGYIQIBAIZAILIANGGUDINGDIANZHONGJIAN,BIAOCHULIANGDIANDESHUIPINGXIAN,CHENGWEIa、bXIAN,YIDONGYIQIDAOGUDINGDIANYIDUAN,BIAOCHULIANGDIANDESHUIPINGXIAN,CHENGWEIa’、b’。JISUANRUGUOa-b≠a’-b’SHI,JIANGWANGYUANJINGHENGSIDUIZHUNPIANCHAYIBANDESHUZHI。YONGXIAOZHENJIANGSHUIZHUNYIDESHANGXIALUODINGDIAOZHENG,SHIGUANSHUIPINGPAOWENHEWEIZHI。ZHONGFUYISHANGZUOFA,ZHIDAOXIANGDENGWEIZHI。

四、水準儀的使用方法

SHUIZHUNYIDESHIYONGBAOKUO:SHUIZHUNYIDEANZHI、CUPING、MIAOZHUN、JINGPING、DUSHUWUGEBUZOU。

1、安置

ANZHISHIJIANGYIQIANZHUANGZAIKEYISHENSUODESANJIAOJIASHANGBINGZHIYULIANGGUANCEDIANZHIJIAN。SHOUXIANDAKAISANJIAOJIABINGSHIGAODUSHIZHONG,YONGMUGUFASHIJIATOUDAZHISHUIPINGBINGJIANCHAJIAOJIASHIFOULAOGU,RANHOUDAKAIYIQIXIANG,YONGLIANJIELUOXUANJIANGSHUIZHUNYIQILIANJIEZAISANJIAOJIASHANG。

2、粗平

CUPINGSHISHIYIQIDESHIXIANCULVESHUIPING,LIYONGJIAOLUOXUANZHIYUANSHUIZHUNQIPAOJUYUYUANZHIBIAOQUANZHIZHONG。JUTIFANGFAYONGYIQILIANXI。ZAIZHENGPINGGUOCHENGZHONG,QIPAOYIDONGDEFANGXIANGYUDAMUZHIYUNDONGDEFANGXIANGYIZHI。

3、瞄準

MIAOZHUNSHIYONGWANGYUANJINGZHUNQUEDIMIAOZHUNMUBIAO。SHOUXIANSHIBAWANGYUANJINGDUIXIANGYUANCHUMINGLIANGDEBEIJING,ZHUANDONGMUJINGDIAOJIAOLUOXUAN,SHISHIZISIZUIQINGXI。ZAISONGKAIGUDINGLUOXUAN,XUANZHUANWANGYUANJING,SHIZHAOMENHEZHUNXINGDELIANJIEDUIZHUNSHUIZHUNCHI,NINGJINGUDINGLUOXUAN。ZUIHOUZHUANDONGWUJINGDUIGUANGLUOXUAN,SHISHUIZHUNCHIDEQINGXIDILUOZAISHIZISIPINGMIANSHANG,ZAIZHUANDONGWEIDONGLUOXUAN,SHISHUIZHUNCHIDEXIANGKAOYUSHIZISHUSIDEYICE。

4、精平

分分快三彩票 JINGPINGSHISHIWANGYUANJINGDESHIXIANJINGQUESHUIPING。WEIQINGSHUIZHUNYI,ZAISHUIZHUNGUANSHANGBUZHUANGYOUYIZULENGJING,KEJIANGSHUIZHUNGUANQIPAOLIANGDUAN,ZHESHEDAOJINGGUANPANGDEFUHESHUIZHUNGUANCHACHUANGNEI,RUOQIPAOJUZHONGSHI,QIPAOLIANGDUANDEXIANGJIANGFUHECHENGYIPAOWUXIANXING,SHUOMINGSHIXIANSHUIPING。RUOQIPAOLIANGDUANDEXIANGBUXIANGFUHE,SHUOMINGSHIXIANBUSHUIPING。ZHESHIKEYONGYOUSHOUZHUANDONGWEIQINGLUOXUANSHIQIPAOLIANGDUANDEXIANGWANQUANFUHE,YIQIBIANKETIGONGYITIAOSHUIPINGSHIXIAN,YIMANZUSHUIZHUNCELIANGJIBENYUANLIDEYAOQIU。ZHUYI:QIPAOZUOBANBUFENDEYIDONGFANGXIANG,ZONGYUYOUSHOUDAMUZHIDEFANGXIANGBUYIZHI。

5、讀數

YONGSHIZISI,JIEDUSHUIZHUNCHISHANGDEDUSHU。XIANZAIDESHUIZHUNYIDUOSHIDAOXIANGWANGYUANJING,DUSHUSHIYINGYOUSHANGERXIAJINXING。XIANGUDUHAOMIJIDUSHU,HOUBAOCHUQUANBUDUSHU。

ZHUYI:SHUIZHUNYISHIYONGBUZOUYIDINGYAOANSHANGMIANSHUNXUJINXING,BUNENGDIANDAO,TEBIESHIDUSHUQIANDEFUHESHUIPAODIAOZHENG,YIDINGYAOZAIDUSHUQIANJINXING。

五、水準儀的測量

CEDINGDIMIANDIANGAOCHENGDEGONGZUO,CHENGWEIGAOCHENGCELIANG。GAOCHENGCELIANGSHICELIANGDEJIBENGONGZUOZHIYI。GAOCHENGCELIANGANSUOSHIYONGDEYIQIHESHICEFANGFADEBUTONG,KEYIFENWEISHUIZHUNCELIANG、SANJIAOGAOCHENGCELIANG、GPSGAOCHENGCELIANGHEQIYAGAOCHENGCELIANG。SHUIZHUNCELIANGSHIMUQIANJINGDUZUIGAODEYIZHONGGAOCHENGCELIANGFANGFA,TAGUANGFANYINGYONGYUGUOJIAGAOCHENGKONGZHICELIANG、GONGCHENGKANCEHESHIGONGCELIANGZHONG。

SHUIZHUNCELIANGDEYUANLISHILIYONGSHUIZHUNYITIGONGDESHUIPINGSHIXIAN,DUQUSHULIYULIANGGEDIANSHANGDESHUIZHUNCHISHANGDEDUSHU,LAICEDINGLIANGDIANJIANDEGAOCHA,ZAIGENJUYIZHIDIANGAOCHENGJISUANDAIDINGDIANGAOCHENG。

RUXIATUSUOSHI,ZAIDIMIANSHANGYOUA、BLIANGDIAN,YIZHIADIANDEGAOCHENGWEIHA、WEIQIUBDIANDEGAOCHENGHB,ZAIA、BLIANGDIANZHIJIANANGUSHUIZHUNYI,A、BLIANGDIANWANGGESHULIYIBASHUIZHUNCHI,TONGGUOSHUIZHUNYIDEWANGYUANJINGDUQUSHUIPINGSHIXIANFENBIEZAIA、BLIANGDIANSHUIZHUNCHISHANGJIEQUDEDUSHUWEIaHEb,KEYIQIUCHUA、BLIANGDIANWENDEGAOCHAWEI:


SHESHUIZHUNCELIANGDEQIANJINFANGXIANGWEIADIANZHIBDIAN,ZECHENGADIANWEIHOUSHIDIAN,QISHUIZHUNCHIDUSHUaWEIHOUSHIDUSHU;CHENGBDIANWEIQIANSHIDIAN,QISHUIZHUNCHIDUSHUbWEIQIANSHIDUSHU。YINCI,LIANGDIANJIANDEGAOCHADENGYU:

分分快三彩票 hAB=HOUSHIDUSHU-QIANSHIDUSHU

分分快三彩票 RUOHOUSHIDUSHUDAYUQIANSHIDUSHU,ZEGAOCHAWEIZHENG,BIAOSHIBDIANBIADIANGAO,hAB>0;RUOHOUSHIDUSHUXIAOYUQIANSHIDUSHU,ZEGAOCHAWEIFU,BIAOSHIBDIANBIADIANDI,hAB<0。

分分快三彩票 RUGUOA、BLIANGDIANXIANGJUBUYUAN,QIEGAOCHABUDA,ZEANZHIYICISHUIZHUNYI,JIUKEYICEDEGAOCHAhAB。CISHIBDIANGAOCHENGWEI:


分分快三彩票 DANGJIASHEYICISHUIZHUNYIXUYAOCELIANGDUOGEQIANSHIDIANB1,B2,…,BnDEGAOCHENGSHI,CAIYONGSHIXIANGAOCHENGJISUANZHEXIEDIANDEGAOCHENGJIUFEICHANGFANGBIAN。SHESHUIZHUNYIDUISHULIZAIB1,B2,…,BnDIANSHANGDESHUIZHUNCHIDUSHUFENBIEWEIb1,b2,…,bnSHI,ZEGAOCHENGJISUANGONGSHIWEI:


RUGUOA、BLIANGDIANXIANGJUJIAOYUANHUOGAOCHAJIAODA,ANZHIYICIYIQIWUFACEDEQIGAOCHASHI,JIUXUYAOZAILIANGDIANJIANZENGSHERUOGANGEZUOWEICHUANDIGAOCHENGDELINSHILICHIDIAN,CHENGWEIZHUANDIAN(JIANCHENGTPDIAN),RUTUZHONGDETP1,TP 2,…DIAN,BINGYICILIANXUSHEZHANGUANCE,SHECEDEDEGEZHANGAOCHAWEI:


六、保養與維修

分分快三彩票 1、SHUIZHUNYISHIJINGMIDEGUANGXUEYIQI,ZHENGQUEHELISHIYONGHEBAOGUANDUIYIQIJINGDUHESHOUMINGYOUHENDADEZUOYONG;

分分快三彩票 2、BIMIANYANGGUANGZHISHAI,BUXUKEZHENGSUIBIANCHAIXIEYIQI;

3、MEIGEWEIDIAODOUYINGQINGQINGZHUANDONG,BUYAOYONGLIGUODA。JINGPIAN、GUANGXUEPIANBUZHUNYONGSHOUCHUPIAN;

4、YIQIYOUGUZHANG,YOUSHUXIYIQIJIEGOUZHEHUOXIULIBUXIULI;

分分快三彩票 5、MEICISHIYONGWANHOU,YINGDUIYIQICAGANJING,BAOCHIGANZAO。

▲經緯儀的使用方法

一、經緯儀

JINGWEIYISHICELIANGGONGZUOZHONGDEZHUYAOCEJIAOYIQI。YOUWANGYUANJING、SHUIPINGDUPAN、SHUZHIDUPAN、SHUIZHUNQI、JIZUODENGZUCHENG。

CELIANGSHI,JIANGJINGWEIYIANZHIZAISANJIAOJIASHANG,YONGCHUIQIUHUOGUANGXUEDUIDIANQIJIANGYIQIZHONGXINDUIZHUNDIMIANCEZHANDIANSHANG,YONGSHUIZHUNQIJIANGYIQIDINGPING,YONGWANGYUANJINGMIAOZHUNCELIANGMUBIAO,YONGSHUIPINGDUPANHESHUZHIDUPANCEDINGSHUIPINGJIAOHESHUZHIJIAO。ANJINGDUFENWEIJINGMIJINGWEIYIHEPUTONGJINGWEIYI;ANDUSHUSHEBEIKEFENWEIGUANGXUEJINGWEIYIHEYOUBIAOJINGWEIYI;ANZHOUXIGOUZAOFENWEIFUCEJINGWEIYIHEFANGXIANGJINGWEIYI。CIWAI,YOUKEZIDONGANBIANMACHUANKONGJILUDUPANDUSHUDEBIANMADUPANJINGWEIYI;KELIANXUZIDONGMIAOZHUNKONGZHONGMUBIAODEZIDONGGENZONGJINGWEIYI;LIYONGTUOLUODINGXIANGYUANLIXUNSUDULICEDINGDIMIANDIANFANGWEIDETUOLUOJINGWEIYIHEJIGUANGJINGWEIYI;JUYOUJINGWEIYI、ZIWUYIHETIANDINGYISANZHONGZUOYONGDEGONGTIANWENGUANCEDEQUANNENGJINGWEIYI;JIANGSHEYINGJIYUJINGWEIYIJIEHEYIQIGONGDIMIANSHEYINGCELIANGYONGDESHEYINGJINGWEIYIDENG。

分分快三彩票 DJ6JINGWEIYISHIYIZHONGGUANGFANSHIYONGZAIDIXINGCELIANG、GONGCHENGJIKUANGSHANCELIANGZHONGDEGUANGXUEJINGWEIYI。ZHUYAOYOUSHUIPINGDUPAN、ZHAOZHUNBUHEJIZUOSANDABUFENZUCHENG。

1、基座部分

分分快三彩票 YONGYUZHICHENGJIZHAOZHUNBU,SHANGYOUSANGEJIAOLUOXUAN,QIZUOYONGSHIZHENGPINGYIQI

2、照準部

ZHAOZHUNBUSHIJINGWEIYIDEZHUYAOBUJIAN,ZHAOZHUNBUBUFENDEBUJIANYOUSHUIZHUNGUAN、GUANGXUEDUIDIANQI、ZHIJIA、HENGZHOU、SHUZHIDUPAN、WANGYUANJING、DUPANDUSHUXITONGDENG。

3、度盤部分

分分快三彩票 DJ6GUANGXUEJINGWEIYIDUPANYOUSHUIPINGDUPANHECHUIZHIDUPAN,JUNYOUGUANGXUEBOLIZHICHENG。SHUIPINGDUPANYANZHUQUANYUANCONG0°~360°SHUNSHIZHENKEHUA,ZUIXIAOGEZHIYIBANWEI1°HUO30′。

二、經緯儀的安置方法

1)SANJIAOJIADIAOCHENGDENGCHANGBINGSHIHECAOZUOZHESHENGAO,JIANGYIQIGUDINGZAISANJIAOJIASHANG,SHIYIQIJIZUOMIANYUSANJIAOJIASHANGDINGMIANPINGXING。

2)JIANGYIQIWUBAIFANGZAICEZHANSHANG,MUGUDAZHIDUIZHONGHOU,CAIWENYITIAOJIAJIAO,DIAOHAOGUANGXUEDUIZHONGQIMUJING(KANQINGSHIZISI)YUWUJING(KANQINGCEZHANDIAN),YONGSHUANGSHOUGETIYITIAOJIAJIAOQIANHOU、ZUOYOUBAIDONG,YANGUANDUIZHONGQISHISHIZISIJIAODIANYUCEZHANDIANZHONGHE,FANGWENBINGCAISHIJIAJIAO。

3)SHENSUOSANJIAOJIATUICHANGZHENGPINGYUANSHUIZHUNQI。

4)JIANGSHUIZHUNGUANPINGXINGLIANGDINGPINGLUOXUAN,ZHENGPINGSHUIZHUNGUAN。

5)PINGZHUANZHAOZHUNBU90DU,YONGDISANGELUOXUANZHENGPINGSHUIZHUNGUAN。

6)JIANCHAGUANGXUEDUIZHONG,RUOYOUSHAOLIANGPIANCHA,KEDAKAILIANJIELUOXUANPINGYIJIZUO,SHIQIJINGQUEDUIZHONG,XUANJINLIANJIELUOXUAN,ZAIJIANCHASHUIZHUNQIPAOJUZHONG。

三、度盤讀數方法

GUANGXUEJINGWEIYIDEDUSHUXITONGBAOKUOSHUIPINGHECHUIZHIDUPAN、CEWEIZHUANGZHI、DUSHUXIANWEIJINGDENGJIGEBUFEN。SHUIPINGDUPANHECHUIZHIDUPANSHANGDEDUPANKEHUADEZUIXIAOGEZHIYIBANWEI1°HUO30′,ZAIDUQUBUZUYIGEGEZHIDEJIAOZHISHI,BIXUJIEZHUCEWEIZHUANGZHI,DJ6JIGUANGXUEJINGWEIYIDEDUSHUCEWEIQIZHUANGZHIYOUCEWEICHIHEPINGXINGBOLICEWEIQILIANGZHONG。

1)測微尺讀數裝置

MUQIANXINCHANDJ6JIGUANGXUEJINGWEIYIJUNCAIYONGZHEZHONGZHUANGZHI。

分分快三彩票 ZAIDUSHUXIANWEIJINGDESHICHANGZHONGSHEZHIYIGEDAIFENHUACHIDEFENHUABAN,DUPANSHANGDEFENHUAXIANJINGXIANWEIJINGFANGDAHOUCHENGXIANGYUGAIFENHUABANSHANG,DUPANZUIXIAOGEZHI(60′)DECHENGXIANGKUANDUZHENGHAODENGYUFENHUABANSHANGFENHUACHI1°FENHUAJIANDECHANGDU,FENHUACHIFEN60GEXIAOGE,ZHUJIFANGXIANGYUDUPANDEXIANGFAN,YONGZHE60GEXIAOGEQULIANGCEDUPANSHANGBUZUYIGEDEGEZHI。LIANGDUSHIYILINGLINGFENHUAXIANWEIZHIBIAOXIAN。

2)單平行玻璃板測微器讀數裝置

DANPINGXINGBOLIBANCEWEIQIDEZHUYAOBUJIANYOU:DANPINGXINGBANBOLI、SHANXINGFENHUACHIHECEWEILUNDENG。ZHEZHONGYIQIDUPANGEZHIWEI30′,SHANXINGFENHUACHISHANGYOU90GEXIAOGE,GEZHIWEI30′/90=20″。

分分快三彩票 CEJIAOSHI,DANGMUBIAOMIAOZHUNHOUZHUANDONGCEWEILUN,YONGSHUANGZHIBIAOXIANJIAZHUDUPANFENHUAXIANYINGXIANGHOUDUSHU。ZHENGDUSHUGENJUBEIJIAZHUDEDUPANFENHUAXIANDUCHU,BUZUZHENGDUSHUBUFENCONGCEWEIFENHUACHIDUCHU。

3)讀數顯微鏡

分分快三彩票 GUANGXUEJINGWEIYIDUSHUXIANWEIJINGDEZUOYONGSHIJIANGDUSHUCHENGXIANGFANGDA,BIANYUJIANGDUPANDUSHUDUCHU。

4)水準器

GUANGXUEJINGWEIYISHANGYOU2~3GESHUIZHUNQI,QIZUOYONGSHISHICHUYUGONGZUOZHUANGTAIDEJINGWEIYICHUIZHIZHOUQIANCHUI、SHUIPINGDUPANSHUIPING,SHUIZHUNQIFENGUANSHUIZHUNQIHEYUANSHUIZHUNQILIANGZHONG。

*管水準器

分分快三彩票 GUANSHUIZHUNQIANZHUANGZAIZHAOZHUNBUSHANG,QIZUOYONGSHIYIQIJINGQUEZHENGPING。

*圓水準器

YUANSHUIZHUNQIYONGYUCULVEZHENGPINGYIQI。TADELINGMINDUDI,QIGEZHIWEI8″/2mm。

四、經緯儀的角度測量原理

1、水平角的測量原理

分分快三彩票 SHUIPINGJIAOSHIZHIGUOKONGJIANLIANGTIAOXIANGJIAOFANGXIANGXIANSUOZUODEQIANCHUIMIANJIANSUOJIADEERMIANJIAO,JIAOZHIWEI0°~360°。KONGJIANLIANGZHIXIANOAHEOBXIANGJIAOYUDIANO,JIANGDIANA,O,BYANQIANCHUIFANGXIANGTOUYINGDAOSHUIPINGMIANSHANG,DEXIANGYINGDETOUYINGDIANA′,O′,B′,SHUIPINGXIANO′A′HEO′B′DEJIAJIAOβJIUSHIGUOLIANGFANGXIANGXIANSUOZUODEQIANCHUIMIANJIANDEJIAJIAO,JISHUIPINGJIAO。


水平角的大小與地面點的高程無關。

測量角度的儀器在測量水平角時必須具備兩個基本條件:

(1)能給出一個水平放置的,且其中心能方便地與方向線交點置于同一鉛垂線上的刻度園盤——水平度盤;

(2)要有一個能瞄準遠方目標的望遠鏡,且要能在水平面和豎直面內作全圓旋轉,以便通過望遠鏡瞄準高低不同的目標AB。圖中水平角β為AB兩個方向讀數之差:β=b-a

2、垂直角的測量原理

分分快三彩票 CHUIZHIJIAOSHIZHIZAITONGYIQIANCHUIMIANNEI,MOUMUBIAOFANGXIANGDESHIXIANYUSHUIPINGXIANJIANDEJIAJIAOα,YECHENGSHUZHIJIAOHUOGAODUJIAO;CHUIZHIJIAODEJIAOZHIWEI0°~±90°。

分分快三彩票 SHIXIANYUQIANCHUIXIANDEJIAJIAOCHENGWEITIANDINGJU,TIANDINGJUzDEJIAOZHIFANWEIWEI0°~180°。

DANGSHIXIANZAISHUIPINGXIANYISHANGSHICHUIZHIJIAOCHENGWEIYANGJIAO,JIAOZHIWEIZHENG;SHIXIANZAISHUIPINGXIANYIXIASHIWEIFUJIAO,JIAOZHIWEIFU,RUTUSUOSHI。

分分快三彩票 YOUCIKEZHICEJIAOYIQIJINGWEIYIHUANBIXUZHUANGYOUYIGENENGQIANCHUIFANGZHIDEDUPAN——CHUIZHIDUPAN,HUOCHENGSHUPAN。

▲全站儀的使用方法

一、全站儀簡介

QUANZHANYI,JIQUANZHANXINGDIANZISUCEYI(Electronic Total Station)。SHIYIZHONGJIGUANG、JI、DIANWEIYITIDEGAOJISHUCELIANGYIQI,SHIJISHUIPINGJIAO、CHUIZHIJIAO、JULI(XIEJU、PINGJU)、GAOCHACELIANGGONGNENGYUYITIDECEHUIYIQIXITONG。YINQIYICIANZHIYIQIJIUKEWANCHENGGAICEZHANSHANGQUANBUCELIANGGONGZUO,SUOYICHENGZHIWEIQUANZHANYI。GUANGFANYONGYUDISHANGDAXINGJIANZHUHEDIXIASUIDAOSHIGONGDENGJINGMIGONGCHENGCELIANGHUOBIANXINGJIANCELINGYU。

QUANZHANYISHIYIZHONGJIGUANG、JI、DIANWEIYITIDEXINXINGCEJIAOYIQI,YUGUANGXUEJINGWEIYIBIJIAODIANZIJINGWEIYIJIANGGUANGXUEDUPANHUANWEIGUANGDIANSAOMIAODUPAN,JIANGRENGONGGUANGXUECEWEIDUSHUDAIZHIYIZIDONGJILUHEXIANSHIDUSHU,SHICEJIAOCAOZUOJIANDANHUA,QIEKEBIMIANDUSHUWUCHADECHANSHENG。DIANZIJINGWEIYIDEZIDONGJILU、CHUCUN、JISUANGONGNENG,YIJISHUJUTONGXUNGONGNENG,JINYIBUTIGAOLECELIANGZUOYEDEZIDONGHUACHENGDU。

QUANZHANYIYUGUANGXUEJINGWEIYIQUBIEZAIYUDUPANDUSHUJIXIANSHIXITONG,DIANZIJINGWEIYIDESHUIPINGDUPANHESHUZHIDUPANJIQIDUSHUZHUANGZHISHIFENBIECAIYONGLIANGGEXIANGTONGDEGUANGZHADUPAN(HUOBIANMAPAN)HEDUSHUCHUANGANQIJINXINGJIAODUCELIANGDE。GENJUCEJIAOJINGDUKEFENWEI0.5″,1″,2″,3″,5″,10″DENGJIGEDENGJI。

二、全站儀的組成

分分快三彩票 QUANZHANYIJIHUKEYIYONGZAISUOYOUDECELIANGLINGYU。DIANZIQUANZHANYIYOUDIANYUANBUFEN、CEJIAOXITONG、CEJUXITONG、SHUJUCHULIBUFEN、TONGXUNJIEKOU、JIXIANSHIPING、JIANPANDENGZUCHENG。

TONGDIANZIJINGWEIYI、GUANGXUEJINGWEIYIXIANGBI,QUANZHANYIZENGJIALEXUDUOTESHUBUJIAN,YINCIERSHIDEQUANZHANYIJUYOUBIQITACEJIAO、CEJUYIQIGENGDUODEGONGNENG,SHIYONGYEGENGFANGBIAN。ZHEXIETESHUBUJIANGOUCHENGLEQUANZHANYIZAIJIEGOUFANGMIANDUSHUYIZHIDETEDIAN。

1、同軸望遠鏡

分分快三彩票 QUANZHANYIDEWANGYUANJINGSHIXIANLESHIZHUNZHOU、CEJUGUANGBODEFASHE、JIESHOUGUANGZHOUTONGZHOUHUA。TONGZHOUHUADEJIBENYUANLISHI:ZAIWANGYUANWUJINGYUDIAOJIAOTOUJINGJIANSHEZHIFENGUANGLENGJINGXITONG,TONGGUOGAIXITONGSHIXIANWANGYUANJINGDEDUOGONGNENG,JIJIKEMIAOZHUNMUBIAO,SHIZHICHENGXIANGYUSHIZISIFENHUABAN,JINXINGJIAODUCELIANG。TONGSHIQICEJUBUFENDEWAIGUANGLUXITONGYOUNENGSHICEJUBUFENDEGUANGMINERJIGUANFASHEDEDIAOZHIHONGWAIGUANGZAIJINGWUJINGSHEXIANGFANGUANGLENGJINGHOU,JINGTONGYILUJINGFANSHEHUILAI,ZAIJINGFENGUANGLENGJINGZUOYONGSHIHUIGUANGBEIGUANGDIANERJIGUANJIESHOU;WEICEJUXUYAOZAIYIQINEIBULINGSHEYINEIGUANGLUXITONG,TONGGUOFENGUANGLENGJINGXITONGZHONGDEGUANGDAOXIANWEIJIANGYOUGUANGMINERJIGUANFASHEDEDIAOZHIHONGWAIGUANGCHUANYESONGGEIGUANGDIANERJIGUANJIESHOU,JINXINGERYOUNEI、WAIGUANGLUDIAOZHIGUANGDEXIANGWEICHAJIANJIEJISUANGUANGDECHUANBOSHIJIAN,JISUANSHICEJULI。

TONGZHOUXINGSHIDEWANGYUANJINGYICIMIAOZHUNJIKESHIXIANTONGSHICEDINGSHUIPINGJIAO、CHUIZHIJIAOHEXIEJUDENGQUANBUJIBENCELIANGYAOSUDECEDINGGONGNENG。JIAZHIQUANZHANYIQIANGDA、BIANJIEDESHUJUCHULIGONGNENG,SHIQUANZHANYISHIYONGJIQIFANGBIAN。

2、雙軸自動補償

ZAIYIQIDEJIANYANXIAOZHENGZHONGYIJIESHAOLESHUANGZHOUZIDONGBUCHANGYUANLI,ZUOYESHIRUOQUANZHANYIZONGZHOUQINGXIE,HUIYINQIJIAODUGUANCEDEWUCHA,PANZUO、PANYOUGUANCEZHIQUZHONGBUNENGSHIZHIDIXIAO。ERQUANZHANYITEYOUDESHUANGZHOU(HUODANZHOU)QINGXIEZIDONGBUCHANGXITONG,KEDUIZONGZHOUDEQINGXIEJINXINGJIANCE,BINGZAIDUPANDUSHUZHONGDUIYINZONGZHOUQINGXIEZAOCHENGDECEJIAOWUCHAZIDONGJIAYIGAIZHENG(MOUXIEQUANZHANYIZONGZHOUZUIDAQINGXIEKEYUNXUZHI±6),YEKETONGGUOJIANGYOUSHUZHOUQINGXIEYINQIDEJIAODUWUCHA,YOUWEICHULIQIZIDONGANSHUZHOUQINGXIEGAIZHENGJISUANSHIJISUAN,BINGJIARUDUPANDUSHUZHONGJIAYIGAIZHENG,SHIDUPANXIANSHIDUSHUWEIZHENGQUEZHI,JISUOWEIZONGZHOUQINGXIEZIDONGBUCHANG。

分分快三彩票 SHUANGZHOUZIDONGBUCHANGDESUOCAIYONGDEGOUZAO(XIANYOUSHUIPING,BAOKUOTopcon,Trimble):SHIYONGYISHUIPAO(GAISHUIPAOBUSHICONGWAIBUKEYIKANDAODE,YUJIANYANXIAOZHENGZHONGSUOMIAOSHUDEBUSHIYIGESHUIPAO)LAIBIAODINGJUEDUISHUIPINGMIAN,GAISHUIPAOSHIZHONGJIANTIANCHONGYETI,LIANGDUANSHIQITI。ZAISHUIPAODESHANGBULIANGCEGEFANGZHIYIFAGUANGERJIGUAN,ERZAISHUIPAODEXIABULIANGCEGEFANGZHIYIGUANGDIANGUAN,YONGYIJIESHOUFAGUANGERJIGUANTOUGUOSHUIPAOFACHUDEGUANG。ERHOU,TONGGUOYUNSUANDIANLUBIJIAOLIANGERJIGUANHUODEDEGUANGDEQIANGDU。DANGZAICHUSHIWEIZHI,JIJUEDUISHUIPINGSHI,JIANGYUNSUANZHIZHILING。DANGZUOYEZHONGQUANZHANYIQIQINGXIESHI,YUNSUANDIANLUSHISHIJISUANCHUGUANGQIANGDECHAZHI,CONGERHUANSUANCHENGQINGXIEDEWEIYI,JIANGCIXINXICHUANDAGEIKONGZHIXITONG,YIJUEDINGZIDONGBUCHANGDEZHI。ZIDONGBUCHANGDEFANGSHICHUYOUWEICHULIQIJISUANHOUXIUZHENGSHUCHUWAI,HUANYOUYIZHONGFANGSHIJITONGGUOBUJINMADAQUDONGWEIXINGSIGAN,BACIZHOUFANGXIANGSHANGDEPIANYIJINXINGBUZHENG,CONGERSHIZHOUSHIKEBAOZHENGJUEDUISHUIPING。

3、鍵盤

JIANPANSHIQUANZHANYIZAICELIANGSHISHURUCAOZUOZHILINGHUOSHUJUDEYINGJIAN,QUANZHANXINGYIQIDEJIANPANHEXIANSHIPINGJUNWEISHUANGMIANSHI,BIANYUZHENG、DAOJINGZUOYESHICAOZUO。

4、存儲器

QUANZHANYICUNCHUQIDEZUOYONGSHIJIANGSHISHICAIJIDECELIANGSHUJUCUNCHUQILAI,ZAIGENJUXUYAOCHUANSONGDAOQITASHEBEIRUJISUANJIDENGZHONG,GONGJINYIBUDECHULIHUOLIYONG,QUANZHANYIDECUNCHUQIYOUNEICUNCHUQIHECUNCHUKALIANGZHONG。

QUANZHANYINEICUNCHUQIXIANGDANGYUJISUANJIDENEICUN(RAM),CUNCHUKASHIYIZHONGWAICUNCHUMEITI,YOUCHENGPCKA,ZUOYONGXIANGDANGYUJISUANJIDECIPAN。

5、通訊接口

分分快三彩票 QUANZHANYIKEYITONGGUOBS—232CTONGXUNJIEKOUHETONGXUNDIANLANJIANGNEICUNZHONGCUNCHUDESHUJUSHURUJISUANJI,HUOJIANGJISUANJIZHONGDESHUJUHEXINXIJINGTONGXUNDIANLANCHUANSHUGEIQUANZHANYI,SHIXIANSHUANGXIANGXINXICHUANSHU。

三、全站儀的使用

分分快三彩票 QUANZHANYIJUYOUJIAODUCELIANG、JULI(XIEJU、PINGJU、GAOCHA)CELIANG、SANWEIZUOBIAOCELIANG、DAOXIANCELIANG、JIAOHUIDINGDIANCELIANGHEFANGYANGCELIANGDENGDUOZHONGYONGTU。NEIZHIZHUANYONGRUANJIANHOU,GONGNENGHUANKEJINYIBUTUOZHAN。

全站儀的基本操作與使用方法:

1、水平角測量

(1)ANJIAODUCELIANGJIAN,SHIQUANZHANYICHUYUJIAODUCELIANGMOSHI,ZHAOZHUNDIYIGEMUBIAOA。

(2)SHEZHIAFANGXIANGDESHUIPINGDUPANDUSHUWEI0°00′00〃。

分分快三彩票 (3)ZHAOZHUNDIERGEMUBIAOB,CISHIXIANSHIDESHUIPINGDUPANDUSHUJIWEILIANGFANGXIANGJIANDESHUIPINGJIAJIAO。

2、距離測量

1)設置棱鏡常數

CEJUQIANXUJIANGLENGJINGCHANGSHUSHURUYIQIZHONG,YIQIHUIZIDONGDUISUOCEJULIJINXINGGAIZHENG。

2)設置大氣改正值或氣溫、氣壓值

GUANGZAIDAQIZHONGDECHUANBOSUDUHUISUIDAQIDEWENDUHEQIYAERBIANHUA,15℃HE760mmHgSHIYIQISHEZHIDEYIGEBIAOZHUNZHI,CISHIDEDAQIGAIZHENGWEI0ppm。SHICESHI,KESHURUWENDUHEQIYAZHI,QUANZHANYIHUIZIDONGJISUANDAQIGAIZHENGZHI(YEKEZHIJIESHURUDAQIGAIZHENGZHI),BINGDUICEJUJIEGUOJINXINGGAIZHENG。

3)量儀器高、棱鏡高并輸入全站儀。

4)距離測量

ZHAOZHUNMUBIAOLENGJINGZHONGXIN,ANCEJUJIAN,JULICELIANGKAISHI,CEJUWANCHENGSHIXIANSHIXIEJU、PINGJU、GAOCHA。

分分快三彩票 QUANZHANYIDECEJUMOSHIYOUJINGCEMOSHI、GENZONGMOSHI、CUCEMOSHISANZHONG。JINGCEMOSHISHIZUICHANGYONGDECEJUMOSHI,CELIANGSHIJIANYUE2.5S,ZUIXIAOXIANSHIDANWEI1mm;GENZONGMOSHI,CHANGYONGYUGENZONGYIDONGMUBIAOHUOFANGYANGSHILIANXUCEJU,ZUIXIAOXIANSHIYIBANWEI1cm,MEICICEJUSHIJIANYUE0.3S;CUCEMOSHI,CELIANGSHIJIANYUE0.7S,ZUIXIAOXIANSHIDANWEI1cmHUO1mm。ZAIJULICELIANGHUOZUOBIAOCELIANGSHI,KEANCEJUMOSHI(MODE)JIANXUANZEBUTONGDECEJUMOSHI。

YINGZHUYI,YOUXIEXINGHAODEQUANZHANYIZAIJULICELIANGSHIBUNENGSHEDINGYIQIGAOHELENGJINGGAO,XIANSHIDEGAOCHAZHISHIQUANZHANYIHENGZHOUZHONGXINYULENGJINGZHONGXINDEGAOCHA。

3、坐標測量

(1)SHEDINGCEZHANDIANDESANWEIZUOBIAO。

(2)SHEDINGHOUSHIDIANDEZUOBIAOHUOSHEDINGHOUSHIFANGXIANGDESHUIPINGDUPANDUSHUWEIQIFANGWEIJIAO。DANGSHEDINGHOUSHIDIANDEZUOBIAOSHI,QUANZHANYIHUIZIDONGJISUANHOUSHIFANGXIANGDEFANGWEIJIAO,BINGSHEDINGHOUSHIFANGXIANGDESHUIPINGDUPANDUSHUWEIQIFANGWEIJIAO。

分分快三彩票 (3)SHEZHILENGJINGCHANGSHU。

(4)SHEZHIDAQIGAIZHENGZHIHUOQIWEN、QIYAZHI。

(5)LIANGYIQIGAO、LENGJINGGAOBINGSHURUQUANZHANYI。

(6)ZHAOZHUNMUBIAOLENGJING,ANZUOBIAOCELIANGJIAN,QUANZHANYIKAISHICEJUBINGJISUANXIANSHICEDIANDESANWEIZUOBIAO。

四、全站儀的數據通訊

全站儀的的數據通訊是指全站儀與電子計算機之間進行的雙向數據交換。全站儀與計算機之間的數據通訊的方式主要有兩種,一種是利用全站儀配置的PCMCIA(personal computer memory card internation association),個人計算機存儲卡國際協會,簡稱PC卡,也稱存儲卡)卡進行數字通訊,特點是通用性強,各種電子產品間均可互換使用;另一種是利用全站儀的通訊接口,通過電纜進行數據傳輸。

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